部队装备维修人才培训模式的创新(英文)

时间:2018-10-11 作者:博学论文网
  Abstract:Around the requirement of equipment maintenance personnel for army transformation construction and equipment maintenance reform under the condition of informationization, this paper analyzes the necessity of personnel construction in equipment maintenance reform, takes the establishment of personnel training mechanism in equipment maintenance reform under the condition of informationization as the traction, and lays a solid foundation for equipment maintenance force system construction and maintenance support posts. Supported by the basic construction of allocation basis and personnel training methods and means, we will accelerate the construction of personnel in equipment maintenance reform under the condition of informatization.
  
  Key word:Informatization; information equipment; equipment maintenance reform; maintenance personnel construction;
  
  0. Introduction
  
  With the continuous development of information construction in the army, a large number of information equipment is put into the army. The system structure of equipment is more complex, and the composition and types of equipment are diversified. Maintenance personnel construction is the core element of military equipment maintenance and support capability generation. Equipment support units must promote equipment maintenance reform with pragmatic and innovative spirit and practical measures, think about the target task of equipment maintenance personnel construction, and take the strategic thinking of the military headquarters on the transformation and construction of the armed forces as the fundamental follow-up to refine the packaging. The task, measure and grasp of the reform of equipment maintenance should be supported by the construction of maintenance personnel, and the maintenance support ability and quality benefit of equipment under the condition of informationization should be improved.
  
  1, correctly understand the necessity of personnel training in the equipment maintenance reform under the information technology condition.
  
  At present, according to a series of decision-making instructions from the headquarters of the Military Commission on deepening the reform of national defense and the armed forces, in order to meet the new requirements for the maintenance and support of equipment under the conditions of informationization, the development of military equipment, the reform of equipment support system and the development of socialist market economy, equipment support units are speeding up the maintenance and support of equipment. The reform has formed a series of innovative and revolutionary theoretical and practical achievements through preliminary investigation and analysis, organizational research and demonstration, and experimental verification, and has been approved by the experimental units. In order to carry out the results of the pilot reform in the army, we must focus on the key elements of the reform, and work hard in the overall construction and comprehensive overhaul. Therefore, it is of great significance to strengthen the construction of equipment maintenance personnel.
  
  1.1, meet the needs of equipment maintenance reform
  
  In the new era, the army is transforming from mechanization to informationization, and striving to build a strong modern new fighting force. The future development and construction of the armed forces will inevitably present the outstanding characteristics of elitism, three-dimensional and digitization. The equipment maintenance and support construction which is suitable for the mission of the new armed forces will also be transformed into precision, systematization and network. The task of equipment maintenance reform is urgent and arduous. The construction of equipment maintenance personnel is an important support of equipment maintenance reform. It is necessary to grasp the overall direction of the maintenance reform and actively integrate the training of equipment maintenance personnel into the overall design of the reform. Close to the needs of the reform of personnel training, in-depth investigation and study of the grass-roots units of the army, extensive collection of information on the needs of personnel, scientific development of personnel training plans, equipment maintenance needs of what personnel, on the training of what personnel, adhere to the “training post consistency, training consistency”; adapt to the characteristics of the reform task to promote teaching, with advanced teaching and technological achievements To promote the leap-forward development of personnel, innovate teaching management methods, improve teaching methods, and use technological innovation to guide equipment maintenance and support personnel training; to aim at the integration of military and civilian training, and widely carry out the interoperability, mutual integration and complementarity of military and civilian personnel training; to realize the interoperability of training means, the integration of training modes and the realization of training content. Complementary, actively building military personnel training standards consistent with the national technical personnel training standards.
  
  1.2, adapt to the transformation and development of equipment.
  
  At present, information equipment has become the top priority of our army's weapon and equipment system construction, which is the important material basis for the generation of combat capability based on information system. The construction of information equipment maintenance personnel is very important for the realization of the transformation and development of military equipment. In accordance with the principle of “combining peacetime with wartime and building a unified battle”, the training institutions should adhere to the principle of “what equipment the troops have, how to train, closely follow the equipment development and reserve equipment maintenance personnel, preferring personnel and other equipment, not equipment and other personnel, to lay a solid foundation for equipment maintenance and support personnel. To strengthen the construction of information equipment maintenance personnel, it is necessary to accurately grasp the technical performance and guarantee requirements of information equipment so as to improve the post and function capacity as the basis, through solidifying the long-term mechanism of personnel supplement, innovating the teaching and training content, perfecting the matching training and support conditions, and constructing college education and army training, academic education and vocational education. Education, military education and national education are closely linked up with the information equipment maintenance personnel training system to systematically improve the quality of information equipment maintenance personnel training.
  
  1.3, closely related to information warfare needs.
  
  Information warfare is a new form of warfare. It is a multi-service and integrated warfare with information army as the main force and adopting corresponding operational methods in full-dimensional space. The battlefield is changing rapidly, the environment is complex, there are many information equipments participating in the war, the technical content of the support equipments is high, the support workload is very large, the maintenance and support task is heavy, which puts forward new and higher requirements for the equipment maintenance and support work. Therefore, we must take the actual combat training as the traction, satisfy the demand of equipment maintenance support in information war, speed up the construction of equipment maintenance personnel, insist on ”the unity of training and battle“, raise the information equipment operational training and maintenance personnel training to the primary position, strengthen the construction of personnel team, enrich and perfect the combat training content, and create. The new development of practical training methods, scientific construction of practical training environment, strict standardization of practical training evaluation, enhance the training construction and level that meet the needs of support personnel, with the characteristics of actual combat support, to meet the needs of actual combat support.
  
  2, improve and perfect the personnel training mechanism in the equipment maintenance reform under the information-based condition.
  
  To achieve precise guarantee of military equipment, we must have a team of high-quality maintenance personnel. According to the needs of informationization construction, we should scientifically formulate personnel training objectives, highlight the training of new high-quality equipment personnel. The training objectives should take informationization as the coordinate, and build a high-quality equipment maintenance personnel team on the basis of the current level of army informationization construction, which can grasp the equipment maintenance reform from the height of the overall strategic situation. The correct direction of leather can also ensure the accurate realization of equipment maintenance reform effect from the nuances. According to the needs of the army's transformation and maintenance reform, efforts should be made to construct a training mode featuring skill training, to strengthen the training management based on the system construction, to improve the training means marked by modern educational technology, and to perfect the guarantee system suitable for modern teaching.
  
  First, we should build a scientific and rational personnel training system. Taking personnel training as an important part of equipment maintenance reform, it is necessary to realize that ”equipment is not moving, talent is the first step“. In the reform, the structure of the organization should be adjusted to meet the needs of the maintenance and support of full-fledged maneuvers in wartime, and the characteristics of the battlefield support of the army, so as to construct a training system of ”consistent training and guarantee“.
  
  Two is to improve and perfect the personnel training system. Efforts should be made to solve the practical problems of shortage of talents and shortage of door in maintenance and support, improve various laws and regulations, standards and systems of personnel training institutions and personnel training, make clear the rights and responsibilities of personnel training, standardize the process of selection, training and retention, unify the standards of technical assessment, strictly supervise the quality of training, and build up the teaching team. It is necessary to set up a standard and implement the separation of teaching and examination to further improve the level of personnel training standardization.
  
  The three is to establish a training mode of ”peacetime and wartime integration, civil military integration“. On the premise of technical training, we should strengthen the formation of wartime support personnel, train equipment rescue and repair, accompanying support, fixed-point support and emergency training, improve the ability of wartime equipment maintenance and support, and establish the idea of ”training for war“. In the selection of equipment personnel training seedlings, priority should be given to the selection of local general equipment technicians training personnel, in the teaching resources to make full use of local advanced teaching methods, information-based acoustooptic simulation means, in the performance evaluation of the establishment of a unified army enrollment, graduation assessment, teaching strength assessment, teacher training, and so on. The teaching facilities are equipped with standards, and a unified military and civilian personnel training and guarantee mode is established. In order to meet the needs of army equipment support, we need to train more qualified personnel for equipment maintenance and support.
  
  3, strengthen the strategy of personnel training in the equipment maintenance reform under the condition of informationization.
  
  The construction of equipment maintenance personnel is an important part of supporting equipment maintenance reform. Strengthening the construction of equipment maintenance personnel under the new situation is an important measure to improve equipment support capability. In the process of theoretical exploration, practical demonstration and overall promotion, it is necessary to focus on solving the outstanding problems of equipment personnel training in order to realize the maintenance personnel team. The goal of Wu's construction is to lay a solid foundation for the construction of the maintenance force system, the allocation of maintenance support posts and the methods and means of personnel training.
  
  3.1, build a new maintenance personnel strength system.
  
  In accordance with the principle of ”three sticks“, we should build a two-level maintenance personnel training system with the current system. We should establish a system that combines military personnel training force as the main body, local manufacturers training as complementary, and training institutions of the whole army. On the construction and establishment of the training system, the army should establish a comprehensive training institution, set up specialized teaching and research rooms according to the needs of the army's equipment maintenance forces, set up corresponding operational departments according to the troop's establishment mode, and allocate corresponding teachers according to the training tasks; on the construction of the training and support infrastructure, it should establish corresponding teaching according to the training needs. In the construction of the teaching team, technical cadres with at least three to five years'maintenance and support experience are drawn out. After passing the training of the demonstration teaching mode, they are supplemented to the teaching staff to take up the teaching work. In the corresponding professional and technical colleges and universities, teachers'specialties should be added to solve the problem of channels for teachers to come and overcome the bottleneck of improving the quality of self-training and self-evaluation teachers.
  
  3.2 accelerate the allocation of maintenance support posts.
  
  Combining with the new situation, new mission and new requirements of the army, according to the task requirements of meeting the new maintenance operation system of the army as soon as possible, distinguish different levels, different types of units and different equipment and technical categories, systematically demonstrate the post setting of information equipment maintenance and support, scientifically allocate personnel, and consistently, lean, efficient and efficient for graded training and continuous construction. The maintenance support personnel team provides job sources and personnel support. Maintenance and support of information equipment must change the traditional way of dividing specialties and setting up posts according to the types of service and technical characteristics of equipment, determine post functions according to the types of service and equipment, and timely formulate corresponding norms and standards for job requirements and ability and quality of all kinds of maintenance and support personnel, so as to strengthen the consistency of training and application. Talent use and retention mechanism, through several years of continuous construction to create a capable and efficient support personnel team to meet the needs of information equipment maintenance and support.
  
  3.3, strengthen personnel training methods and means.
  
  According to the demand of military equipment maintenance personnel training, the training content should be improved, the outline should be refined, the training of structure and testing should be emphasized, and the teaching content should be set up to meet the needs of inspection and repair and fine repair. In terms of training methods, the combination of training, repair and guarantee warfare should be realized. Army equipment support training should highlight basic training, general training, characteristic training and guarantee training, highlight the removal of complex faults. On the other hand, we should take modern teaching achievements as the means to establish advanced teaching management and information application ideas, give priority to teaching equipment in the distribution of teaching equipment in the army, and realize the construction of personnel training and equipment maintenance personnel team synchronization.
  
  4 Conclusion
  
  At present, in order to speed up the construction of equipment maintenance personnel, it is necessary to adapt to the profound changes of army construction mode and operation mode under the condition of informationization and the objective reality of equipment maintenance reform, accurately grasp the overall train of thought and objective principles of equipment maintenance personnel construction, improve and adapt to the requirements of winning battles and new equipment development. The development of equipment maintenance support force system, innovative equipment maintenance personnel training model, improve equipment maintenance support capacity and support quality benefits under the information technology.
  
  Reference
  
  [1] Ningxia Navy, Wang Jian. Reflections on the Development of Equipment Support Construction under Informatization [J].General Equipment Support, 2013 (1): 13-14.  
  [2] Hu Jige, Li Ailing and Li Ning. Actively promote the innovative development of equipment personnel training [J]. General Equipment Support, 2009 (10): 47-48.
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