Research on budget compilation of mine geological environmen

时间:2018-07-30 作者:博学论文网
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  Abstract: at present, there are many problems in mine geological environment management and cost calculation, including the content of project cost estimates, the standards needed to be carried out in the compilation, the principles carried out in the compilation, the method of data collection and so on. This paper analyzes the problem of the compilation of the mine geological environment control project budget, so as to make it easier to use the mine geological environment to manage the project budget fund, and to help the sustainable development of our country's economy and environment.
  
  Key words: mine engineering; geological environment; budget estimate; engineering cost;
  
  Introduction
  
  At the same time, the mine development should actively deal with the problem of the engineering address produced by the mine development, and the corresponding management of the project budget of the mine geological environment management should be carried out. The use of the budget design of the mine geological environment management project to the cost of the project budget is related to the standard problem of the establishment of the project cost estimates, the content of the budget estimate and the evaluation of the effect of the budget estimate. This paper analyzes and discusses the problems of the compilation of the project budget for the management of the mountain geological environment in order to make it easier to make better use of the mine. Budgetary funds for mountain environment control projects, help [1]. for sustainable development of China's economy and environment.
  
  1, the main problems of engineering cost of mine geological environment control
  
  The geological environment control of mine has achieved good social and economic benefits, but there are many problems in the project management and cost calculation of the geological environment control project, which are mainly manifested in the following aspects:
  
  (1) to falsely report the project quantity of the mine geological environment control project, the technical grade of the project of too high mine geological environment harnessing project, so as to reach the subsidy fund of the central finance, and cause serious economic loss to the state.
  
  (2) the structure of the budget cost of the mine geological environment management project is not reasonable, the project is not full, the price conclusion deviates from the reality, the estimate of the quantity of the project is deviated from the reality, and the corresponding quota determination standard is lacking.
  
  (3) the relevant laws and regulations need to be established and perfected to ensure that the mine geological environment management project is based on the decision, evaluation, design, project, fund allocation, engineering quality, engineering supervision and acceptance, and the law must be based on [2].
  
  2. Contents of budget compilation for mine geological environment control works
  
  The main projects of the project budget of the mine geological environment control project include the engineering geological problems caused by the exploitation of mineral resources in our country, and the engineering remediation is carried out to alleviate and eliminate the geological environmental impact on the project. It mainly includes the following aspects:
  
  (1) engineering geological problems such as geological subsidence, geological cracking, collapse and suspension caused by mining activities, and reducing the effects of these geological hazards through engineering schemes.
  
  (2) because of mining activities, groundwater discharge, groundwater level drying, dam failure and regional groundwater level decline.
  
  (3) the accumulation and siltation of tailings caused by mining activities, the production and safety of tailings dam, and the reuse of tailings.
  
  3. Standards for budgetary compilation of mine geological environment control projects
  
  The budget compilation of the mine geological environment management project should strictly implement the relevant standards, the differences of the standards, the results of the budget will also be different from the establishment of the [3]. budget standard.
  
  (1) the mine geological environment management budget standard system is an important guarantee for the rationality of the fund arrangement of the mine geological environment management project. It should be in conformity with the current department rules, technical regulations, environmental policy and policy, budget regulations and relevant measures issued by various departments.
  
  (2) the budget standard of mine geological environment management project must be from the point of view of science and engineering, taking into account the uncertainty and risk of the project results, as well as the arduous and engineering significance of the project management environment.
  
  (3) the budget of the mine geological environment control project focuses on the special fund of the Ministry, the principle of non profit of the special fund project, and the application of the project. Mine geological environment control project budget belongs to financial special state plan subsidy, project budget compilation should not include profit and tax.
  
  4. Principles of budget compilation for mine geological environment control projects
  
  The project of mine geological environment control project carries out total cost accounting, takes project as unit to carry out project budget, specializes in special funds, specializes in management, and does not bear other expenses.  Its budget system is based on the principles of independence, full reliance, seeking truth from facts and fairness and rationality.
  
  The compilation of the project budget for the mine geological environment management project needs to learn and draw on the existing research results of each research room in the Department, and many objective factors should be taken into consideration. In determining these objective conditions, we should abide by the principle of seeking truth from facts, on the basis of sufficient and fair and reasonable, and should carry out the demonstration and estimate of the project plan according to the characteristics of climate and region.
  
  5. Method of collecting budget information for mine geological environment control works
  
  (1) collect technical and budgetary standard data on mine geological environment control projects, and strive to be realistic and normative. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of the completed project data.
  
  (2) delimit the data, categorization, delimitation, anatomy and analysis, and widely listen to experts' opinions. Experts from different sectors are invited to participate in project research and discussion, and strive for the reasonable structure of experts.
  
  (3) on the basis of the typical anatomy of the project, the research contents and results are collected in the field, the research plan is reasonable, and the typical anatomy is combined with the field investigation.
  
  (4) statistical analysis method data are systematically carried out according to the standard system project categories to be formulated, compared with similar projects, searching for data for analysis and research, review and calculation, consultation with experts, revision and confirmation, so as to make the result reasonable.
  
  (5) through field investigation, a fair and reasonable standard system is established to support the conclusion of cases, to pay attention to the similarity between cases and engineering, and to exclude false elements in the data by case comparison.
  
  6. Conclusion
  
  The cost budget of mine geological environment management project is related to the correct use of national financial funds. Under the guidance of Scientific Outlook on Development, it is necessary to discuss the effective methods and ways to solve the problem of mine environment in China, and earnestly fulfill the social responsibility of environmental protection.
  
  The budget compilation of mine geological environment control project provides the basis for the standardized operation of the project acceptance. In order to realize scientific management, the cost of geological environment management in China is really in real use.
  
  Reference
  
  [1] Cai Libiao, Zhu Lixia. Discussion on the technical issues in the compilation of mine geological environment protection and restoration plan [J]. science and technology horizons, 2014 (32): 301.  
  [2] Wu Yunian, Chen Wumin. Study on geological environment problems and treatment of Xinghua mountain limestone mine in Zhenping county [J]. western exploration engineering, 2012, 24 (3): 183~185.  
  [3] Zou Qiansheng, Li Jingjing. Study on the general and budgetary standard of mine geological environment treatment project [J]. theoretical research on Urban Construction: electronic version, 2013 (33): 16~18.
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