Reading guidance for children's books and paintings

时间:2018-07-30 作者:博学论文网
  Abstract: Children's picture story books have special narrative ways and artistic features. In the process of reading, adults should provide appropriate guidance and assistance, read the picture books fully, read the picture and text together, construct the whole story through imagination, carefully observe and discover the details of the picture and enjoy the picture story. The pleasure it brings, so that it likes reading and learning to read.
  Key words: preschool education, children's picture story; whole reading;
  Children's picture story is the most suitable book for children to read. More than 70% of the preschool children's reading materials in developed countries in Europe and America are picture story books. In our country, children's picture stories have also become the favorite books for children. The reading of children's picture stories has many forms, such as parents, children, teachers and students, and children's self reading. No matter what form of reading, the reading mechanism is different from that of the general literature. Therefore, adults need to master some reading guidance strategies to guide children to enjoy the picture story books correctly, so that they can get more fun of reading and develop considerable reading ability.
  1. The whole reading, the subject of the story
  Generally speaking, a picture story is a book. When we read picture stories, we are reading a book. The picture story book, from the cover, the lining, the title page, the text to the bottom, is carefully designed by the author to form the paving and the whole of the main body. It has a unique charm. The whole process of reading from the cover - the cover - the title page - the text - the bottom of the text is to establish the first impression - the atmosphere of the feeling of the story. Open the story door -- discovering and imagining stories -- the process of satisfaction and exclamation. We should make full use of this characteristic, guide children to generate interest, guess stories, anticipate stories, appreciate stories, fully appreciate the artistic charm of picture stories, and in this process, form the correct reading habits, exercise their reading ability and observation ability.
  2. Drawing equal emphasis on graphic and text to get multiple aesthetic
  Perry Nordmann said, “a picture book contains at least three stories: the story telling, the hint of the picture, and the story of the combination of the two.” Children's picture stories describe the story at the same time with words and pictures. The picture is the main body of the story. It is the external manifestation of the story. It uses lines, colors and shapes to describe the image, convey the story and express the emotion. The text is expressed in a clear language to make up for the thought, emotion, and time and space that the picture is difficult to show. Change and so on. Both of them perform their duties, focusing on each other, and merging with each other to share the theme of the story. Children can get story information, understand story themes and acquire aesthetic experience only through visual perception of pictures and auditory perception of language. Therefore, picture story must be read and read equally.
  With the example of “we are going to catch the bear” as an example, the story is briefly outlined in a poetic language. Most of the sentences and words are repeated in the full text. By changing the place nouns and the corresponding onomatopoeia to realize the development of the plot, the sentence rhyme, the reading aloud, with full rhyme. A sense of music. The most distinctive is the use of a large number of vivid onomatopoeia, passing through the meadow, wading through the river in the “clattering cheerleading”, through the mud “chirp”… It can arouse children's associations and enrich their vocabulary. The picture uses a variety of techniques to describe the detailed experience of the family's capture of the bear bear, using a page of black and white spaced pages of color. The black and white pages are a family that goes out to catch bears experience wild grass, river water, mud, woods, blizzards and caverns, black and white charcoal strokes, soft images, lines and gimmick, Concise, the picture vividly depicts the concrete situation of the difficult situation, each person faces the different expression of the hindrance; the color page shows the family firmly cross the scene that hinders the continuing movement, the picture uses the watercolor pen, fresh and clear, the color pure and transparent, and makes people feel the flow of light wave. The whole and multiple arrangements on one page are seamlessly matched with the plot, forming a potential rhythm to express the development of the story clearly and smoothly. If the picture is separated from the text, the story telling story is too simple, the story is too loose, the whole story loses the charm of attracting young children.
  3. Fully imagine, feel the charm of the story
  The picture story book is made up of a number of jumps of static pictures. These static pictures are jumps of plot nodes. Reading picture stories, it is necessary to guide the children to transform the still picture into a vivid scene through imagination, turn the jumping plot node into a stream line story, and make a static expression. The action becomes a vivid character and fills the blank space between the pictures, thus perceiving the story, appreciating the characters and acquiring the aesthetic feeling. To accomplish such a reading process, imagination is indispensable, mainly in the following aspects:
  1. reproducing the story scene
  Children's picture stories are presented to young children with a visual picture. They have environment, image, action and plot. It provides a real and realistic thing for children's imagination. In the process of reading, the adult should consciously guide the young children to imagine a dynamic scene at the moment in the picture, and then connect the dynamic scenes to a coherent plot development clue through association and imagination. The fox jumps in a walk, the fox jumps and starts to jump on the nail rake, and the handle of the rake is thrown up to throw it into Venus. This process has only a static picture. The baby should imagine the whole process of the fox jumping up according to the picture, and then imagine the hen Rosie in the page. The process of walking and all kinds of disasters that escape from coincidences fully understand the content of the story.
  2. imaginary characters' Psychology
  The external image created by the picture story is displayed directly on the picture, but to truly understand these images, children need to use rich association and imagination to imagine the psychological and character characteristics of the characters through the movements and expressions of the characters in the pictures, and to imagine the characters through the distance and behavior between the characters. The relationship between them is to imagine their emotional experience through the experience of the characters. In the little boy's little brother's little vest, the mouse's vest was worn by the duck, the monkey, the sea lion, the lion, the lion, the horse, the elephant, and the beautiful vest turned into a long thread. It lowered his head, dragged his vest line, and walked in the corner of the page. The picture would easily let the young children imagine that the moods of the rat were at the time. Much frustration and sadness; on the next page, the mouse's little brother hung his vest on the elephant's nose and swung on the swing to make the child imagine his little brother's grief and joy.
  4. Discover the details, experience the fun of the story
  Anthony Brown, an English painter, said, “I like to add small things to the picture. Readers can easily ignore these details when they look at the first time, but when they look at it again, they will find new discoveries. This can make a book worth reading again and again. ” A good picture story book often hides a lot of details left by the author's intention or inadvertently, or the atmosphere of the story, or the development of the story, or the sublimation of the story, or the story of the story. Ingenious details enable children to constantly discover, imagine, explore, and experience the joy of picture story books.
  Grandpa must have a way to tell the little boy Joseph's grandfather cleverly and carefully, and transform the ordinary cloth into various clothes. But at the bottom of the page, there is a very ingenious story about another story - the story of a mouse's family that settled under the floor and dropped grandpa to the ground. Careful observation will show that the location of the mouse's activity is exactly the same as that of Joseph.
  Important details in the story, adults should consciously guide and prompt children to pay attention to these details. And the less important details, to give children enough time and space, so that children to find, enjoy the fun of discovery, once found no matter, second times, third times… These details will always attract children to keep exploring.
  In a word, children's picture story books have special narrative ways and artistic features, and children need to perceive them through observation, discovery, imagination and other ways. In the process of reading, adults should provide appropriate guidance and assistance, master the reading skills of picture story books, and pay attention to the whole reading and picture and text. In the course of reading, children can guide the children to construct the whole story through full Association and imagination, and enjoy the special fun of the picture story at the same time of discovering the details, so as to enjoy reading, to learn to read, and to realize the development of thinking and aesthetic ability in the happy reading.
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